Aortic root replacement (non-Ross)
The aortic root is replaced using a prosthetic graft. Small holes need to be made so that the coronary arteries can be re-attached to the artificial aortic root.

Usually the aortic valve is replaced at the same time, although it may sometimes be possible to preserve the patient's own aortic valve if it is not diseased.

How to interpret the survival funnel plots

These graphs show the national average survival after specific procedures for treating congenital heart disease. The national average is shown as a horizontal grey line. Two control limits are shown; a warning limit (Green line, 98%) and an alert limit ( Red line 99.5%). Unit performances are shown as identifiable coloured symbols. If a unit's symbol is above the green line then the performance is no different from the national average. If a unit’s survival rate is below the warning limit, their performance will be closely monitored in subsequent years. If a unit’s survival rate is below the alert limit, an investigation into possible reasons and remedial actions will be launched by the appropriate professional and regulatory bodies.